Paper 87: The Ghost Cults/ /Brilliant Evening Star

Paper 86        Paper 88

Matthew Block suggests that the following authors were influential in writing of this Paper and has prepared a parallel chart:

William Graham Sumner and Albert Galloway Keller, The Science of Society, Volume II (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1927) Wikipedia page: SumnerWikipedia page: Keller.

William Graham Sumner, Albert Galloway Keller, and Maurice Rea Davie, The Science of Society, Volume IV (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1927)

E. Washburn Hopkins, Ph.D., LL.D., Origin and Evolution of Religion (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1923) Wikipedia page.

Henry Nelson Wieman and Regina Westcott-Wieman, Normative Psychology of Religion (New York: Thomas Y. Crowell Company, 1935) Note: The Paper 87 parallels come from Chapter V, which was written by Regina Westcott-Wieman. Wikipedia page: Henry.

For Biblical cross-references for all Sections: click here.

Introduction

Section 1: Ghost Fear

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Section 2: Ghost Placation

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Section 3: Ancestor Worship

p3The custom of adopting children was to make sure that some one would provide offerings after death…: The two-word form is appropriate when referring to some one member of a particular group, as “Some one of you will go with me…” The compound form is used when the group of which the ‘one’ is a member is not specified. Fowler (1926) clarifies the differentiation by stating that ‘someone’ should be used when ‘somebody’ could be substituted for it; ‘some one’ should be used in all other cases.

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Section 4: Good and Bad Spirit Ghosts

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Section 5: The Advancing Ghost Cult

p4,5“Archaeologists working at the site of Omrit in northern Israel have uncovered a Roman house dating back around 1,900 years.

“The intricate house was adorned with images of plants and animals, and probably belonged to a Roman official who was stationed in the area.

“Bizarrely, the archaeologists also found a layer of penis-shaped amulets on top of the house, which were often worn to prevent misfortune.  . . .”
See complete article.

“TEHRAN, Iran — Her hands tightly wrapped around a giant penis-shaped tombstone, Maryam giggles as her friend takes a picture. She repositions herself and, snap, another photo.

“She’s one of the hundreds of tourists who come to visit Khalid Nabi cemetery, a place replete with contraditions. In this conservative Islamic country, it is a historic cemetery where male and female genitals are on display for the world to see.

“And now, despite being hundreds of years old, it is becoming one of the country’s hot new tourist destinations for young people. More than 600 head stones make up the bizarre cemetery, which is 40 miles northeast of Gonbad-e Kavous in northeastern Iran. Despite its long history, the site was only added to Iran’s national heritage list less than a decade ago. And even since then, few researchers have dared to study it.  . . .”
See complete article.

cross-references:

p14signs (90:2.5), (144:7.2), (145:5.6), (146:6.1), (150:3.12), (170:2.10). See also discern the signs of the times (157:2.1), (176:2.6).

Section 6: Coercion and Exorcism

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p15promiscuous/promiscuity: 83:0.1/83:5.1/132:4.5

Section 7: Nature of Cultism

p11Nebadon etymology by Chris Halvorson: “the first (a) nebular (neb-) upland (don) (The local universe level is the local upland relative to the lowlands where mortals begin their ascension careers in the Milky Way spiral nebula.).” “don < O.E., dun = n., down = upland”

cross-references:

Paper 86        Paper 88

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