Paper 139: The Twelve Apostles/ /Midwayer Commission

Paper 138          Paper 140

From: The Forum, and How Dr. Sadler Changed from Skeptic to Believer

Indeed, Dr. Lena Sadler was evidently a strong believer in the Papers long before William. She apparently urged him to continue the process when his interest began to flag. Unfortunately, Lena died of cancer in 1939 at the age of 64, more than fifteen years before the Urantia Papers became The Urantia Book.

“So one Sunday,” continued Dr. Sadler, “I made a speech to the group about the importance of maintaining a tough, critical and objective approach to the material. To my astonishment, the response I got was almost like a testimonial meeting! The essence of the reaction was: ‘We don’t care who wrote these Papers, they simply make more sense than anything else we have ever read along this line.’”

“Now, I believed that my own professional reputation was at stake. I had often declared in public that there were no genuine mediumistic phenomena, and I wasn’t going to let one baffling case change my mind. I felt that in time I would discover a natural explanation for this remarkable case.

“However, as years went by I became more and more impressed with the quality and the consistency of the material that was being received. I became satisfied in my own mind that the subject involved in the materializations could not have authored the Papers we were receiving. He simply did not have the qualifications nor the abilities to do so. I finally became satisfied that I was not dealing with some hoax or trick, but some kind of an authentic phenomenon.

“Finally, in the mid-thirties — over twenty years after I had first encountered this case — I carefully studied a Paper evaluating the personalities of the apostles of Jesus. It was at that point that I threw in the intellectual towel. I am a psychiatrist, and I believe I know my business. But this Paper was a real blow to my pride. I believe that if I assembled a half dozen of the world’s best psychiatrists and had years to prepare it, we could not collectively fabricate a paper with this ring of genuineness and insight. So I said to myself: ‘I don’t know what this is, but I do know it is the highest quality of philosophical-religious material I have ever read.’

Matthew Block suggests that the following authors were influential in writing of this Paper and has prepared a parallel chart:

“Andrew,” by David Smith, in Hastings’ Dictionary of the Bible, edited by James Hastings, D.D. (New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1909) Hathi Trust Digital Library copy.

Bernard C. Clausen, D.D., Pen-Portraits of the Twelve (New York: Fleming H. Revell Company, 1924)

Charles Reynolds Brown, These Twelve: A Study in Temperament (New York: The Century Co., 1926) Wikipedia page: Brown.

Robert E. Speer, Studies of the Man Christ Jesus (New York: Fleming H. Revell Company, 1896) Hathi Trust Digital Library copyWikipedia page: Speer.

Edward Augustus George, The Twelve: Apostolic Types of Christian Men (New York: Fleming H. Revell Company, 1916) Hathi Trust Digital Library copy.

“Andrew, St.,” in Dr. William Smith’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volume 1, A to Gennesaret, Land of, Revised and Edited by Professor H. B. Hackett, D.D. et al. (Boston: Houghlin, Mifflin and Co., 1870) Hathi Trust Digital Library copy.

“Thomas,” in Dr. William Smith’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volume 4, Regem-Melech to Zuzims, Revised and Edited by Professor H. B. Hackett, D.D. et al. (Boston: Houghlin, Mifflin and Co., 1870) Hathi Trust Digital Library copy.

“Thomas,” by David Smith, in Hastings’ Dictionary of the Bible, edited by James Hastings, D.D. et al. (New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1909) Hathi Trust Digital Library copy.

“Simon,” in Dr. William Smith’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volume 4, Regem-Melech to Zuzims, Revised and Edited by Professor H. B. Hackett, D.D. et al. (Boston: Houghlin, Mifflin and Co., 1870) Hathi Trust Digital Library copy.

For Biblical cross-references for all Sections: click here.

Introduction

p2Urantia etymology by Chris Halvorson: “specific: Urantia = (y)our heavenly place (i.e., in the cosmos)” “-tia = noun-forming suffix < -t- of L. past participle stem + -ia (cf., -tion and -ion)” “U.B.: “-tia” is indicative of impersonal, while “-ia” is more personal”

Section 1: Andrew, the First Chosen

cross-references:

p8the affairs of the kingdom phrase is used ten times: (139.1.8), (139:5.5), (140:8.1), (144.6.7), (156:5.18), (157:3.2), (161:2.12), (174:5.4), (176:2.3), (191:0.3). When the Alpheus twins receive their final instructions from Jesus, the outward affairs of the kingdom phrase is used: (181:2.19).

p10: insincerity is used six times: (9:5.7), (48:5.8), (82:1.10), (139:1.10), (173:2.8), (186:2.8).
insincere is used one time and about Lucifer: 53:2.5.

Section 2: Simon Peter

cross-references:

Section 3: James Zebedee

cross-references:

Section 4: John Zebedee

cross-references:

p14: Book of Revelations only appears in this paragraph. John the Revelator is used twice: 45:4.1 and 47:10.2. The other two instances of revelator are found at 112:5.11, in connection to those involved with the preparation of this epochal revelation, and at 119:8.7, regarding Michael’s role as a revelator of the Supreme. Revelators is used at 23:2.9,24 in describing revelators of truth, a role performed by Mighty Messengers, and at 101:4.2, where the direct knowledge of the revelators in preparing these Papers is contrasted with the inspired revelations.

Section 5: Philip the Curious

cross-references:

p5the affairs of the kingdom phrase is used ten times: (139.1.8), (139:5.5), (140:8.1), (144.6.7), (156:5.18), (157:3.2), (161:2.12), (174:5.4), (176:2.3), (191:0.3). When the Alpheus twins receive their final instructions from Jesus, the outward affairs of the kingdom phrase is used: (181:2.19).

Section 6: Honest Nathaniel

cross-references:

Section 7: Matthew Levi

cross-references:

Section 8: Thomas Didymus

cross-references:

Section 9 and 10: James and Judas Alpheus

cross-references:

p6reverently called stupid (see stupid also at 133:5.12 in reference to Athenians and 3:6.5 in reference to mechanizing the concept of God) Consider how this parallels with the teachings about subnormals:
(113:1.1) The teaching about guardian angels is not a myth; certain groups of human beings do actually have personal angels. It was in recognition of this that Jesus, in speaking of the children of the heavenly kingdom, said: “Take heed that you despise not one of these little ones, for I say to you, their angels do always behold the presence of the spirit of my Father.”
(113:1.3) The subnormal minded—those who do not exercise normal will power; those who do not make average decisions. This class embraces those who cannot comprehend God; they lack capacity for the intelligent worship of Deity.
(68:6.11) The subnormal man should be kept under society’s control; no more should be produced than are required to administer the lower levels of industry, those tasks requiring intelligence above the animal level but making such low-grade demands as to prove veritable slavery and bondage for the higher types of mankind.
Consider that the particular pattern associated with how the Revelators talk about the Alpheus twins invites speculation about whether they were in the subnormal category. Consider how valuable it might be from a universe perspective to have this group represented amongst the apostles of Jesus.
From “Government on a Neighboring Planet”: (72:4.2) The feeble-minded are trained only in agriculture and animal husbandry, and are committed for life to special custodial colonies where they are segregated by sex to prevent parenthood, which is denied all subnormals. These restrictive measures have been in operation for seventy-five years; the commitment decrees are handed down by the parental courts.
At 158:7.1 the twins are described as stolid. Definition: “(of a person) calm, dependable, and showing little emotion or animation.” Could this be a suggestion regarding the eugenic management of subnormal populations?

Section 11: Simon the Zealot

cross-references:

Section 12: Judas Iscariot

p1Kerioth: In Hebrew ת􀅼אִישׁ־קְרִיּ ish-keriyoth means “a man of Kerioth,” hence the surname “Iscariot.”

cross-references:

Paper 138          Paper 140

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