Paper 85: The Origins of Worship/ /Brilliant Evening Star

Paper 84          Paper 86

Matthew Block suggests that the following authors were influential in writing of this Paper and has prepared a parallel chart:

E. Washburn Hopkins, Ph.D., LL.D., Origin and Evolution of Religion (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1923) Wikipedia page.

William Graham Sumner and Albert Galloway Keller, The Science of Society, Volume II (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1927) Wikipedia page: SumnerWikipedia page: Keller.

William Graham Sumner, Albert Galloway Keller, and Maurice Rea Davie, The Science of Society, Volume IV (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1927)

Ernest William Barnes, Scientific Theory and Religion: The World Described by Science and Its Spiritual Interpretation (New York: The Macmillan Company, 1933) Wikipedia page.

For Biblical cross-references for all Sections: click here.


Section 1: Worship of Stones and Hills


p5aborigines/aboriginal are used thirteen times, including the one time it is preceded by “so-called” in reference to the secondary Sangik mixture  found in southern Indian at 79:2.2. The other references, involving the original Andonic stock are at: (61:6.3), (61:7.4), (63:4.3), (63:5.4), (64:1.0), (64:7.18), (76:2.4), (78: 1.5), (79:2.2), (81:4.4,9), (85:1.5).

Section 2: Worship of Plants and Trees

p4Semite etymology: 1847, “a Jew, Arab, Assyrian, or Aramaean” (an apparently isolated use from 1797 refers to the Semitic language group), back-formation from Semitic or else from French Sémite (1845), from Modern Latin Semita, from Late Latin Sem “Shem,” one of the three sons of Noah (Genesis x.21-30), regarded as the ancestor of the Semites (in old Bible-based anthropology), from Hebrew Shem. In modern sense said to have been first used by German historian August Schlözer in 1781.


Section 3: The Worship of Animals


Section 4: Worship of the Elements

p1Original printing reads, “Baptism became a religious ceremonial in Babylon, and the Greeks practiced the annual ritual bath.” Suggested change, “Baptism became a religious ceremonial in Babylon, and the Creeks practiced the annual ritual bath.” STRC rejection, “This passage parallels the first paragraph of Chapter IV in Origin and Evolution of Religion by E. Washburn Hopkins, (1923), which refers to Creeks. The typographical difference between Greeks and Creeks is only one letter–an easy error–however, the flow of references is slightly different, making Creeks seem out of context in the Urantia Book. Further, and more importantly, it is inappropriate to modify the text of the UB based on an assumed link to another text. If the revalators had stated that they were quoting Hopkins, or if there were no Greeks who practiced the annual ritual bath (which is not true–such a rite was practiced by the adherents of the Eleusinian mysteries, one of the largest cults of the Greek world in the times prior to Jesus’ bestowal), then it could be reasonably asserted that a typographical mistake had been made. In the absence of such a material error or direct assertion by the author of the paper, such a change is beyond the scope of the editor’s range of action. The authors of the UB often adapted pre-existing texts to their own purposes–modifying them as they deemed appropriate.”

Matthew Block suggests that parallels exist with Origin and Evolution of Religion in twelve different Papers. See SquareCircles.


Section 5: Worship of the Heavenly Bodies


Section 6: Worship of Man


p2feeble-minded(ness) is found in six paragraphs: (55:5.2), (72:4.2), (77:7.7), (82:6.4), (85:6.2), (146:7.1).

Section 7: The Adjutants of Worship and Wisdom

p4Nebadon etymology by Chris Halvorson: “the first (a) nebular (neb-) upland (don) (The local universe level is the local upland relative to the lowlands where mortals begin their ascension careers in the Milky Way spiral nebula.).” “don < O.E., dun = n., down = upland”


Paper 84          Paper 86


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